When you have a feeling of suffocation, shortness of breath, difficult breathing this is asthma. This is generally a disease of bronchial tubes.
What happens to bronchial tubes at this disease? Reduction of bronchial tube gaps as a result of allergic process during the periods of attacks. Also as physicians say – the reactivity of bronchial tubes increases. How to detect reactive airway disease at first stages, if it’s similar to cold followed by sneezing, cough, chest pain, cold and others, quite habitual for many people, signs. However, this ordinary at first sight cold don’t respond to treatment for a long time and repeats regularly. To diagnose this illness, it’s necessary to analyse your health condition attentively to recognise the beginning of a much more serious illness – bronchial asthma.
There is a lot of factors capable to cause symptoms and attacks of reactive airway disease. The most frequent provocative factors are allergens, physical activity, viral infections and irritating substances. At some people symptoms of this disease can be detected only during physical activity or ARVI.
The most frequent symptoms of reactive airway disease are:
- Cough which appears or amplifies at night or early in the morning and disturbs sleeping;
- It can be recognised on rattles – the creaking or whistling sounds in a chest while breathing;
- Thorax compression;
- It’s determined also by shortness of breath if it’s hard to exhale and inhale chestful;
- Loud or hurried breathing.
The above mentioned symptoms of reactive airway disease can be distinguished not at all asthmatics at all. Besides, severity of various symptoms can be different: one signs can be almost imperceptible, and others can force to stop working, pronounced symptoms even can threaten the asthmatic’s life. Symptoms of reactive airway disease can be shown with various frequency. One people have them only few times for several months, the other – once a week, and some of them – almost every day. However, at rational treatment many asthmatics don’t have asthma attacks at all.
There are two forms of reactive airway disease:
- Infectious and allergic form at which the main activators are an infection which gets into respiratory organs and causes an allergy.
- Allergic reactive airway disease. The main activator is allergic reactions.
At the moment doctors specify 4 degrees of the illness:
- Easy intermittent degree. This type of reactive airway disease is shown up to two times a week. Night attacks happen seldom.
- Constant easy degree. Attacks happen more than two times a week, but less than once a day. In such cases everything depends on the way of life. And at least 2 times a month asthmatic attacks happen at night.
- Moderate constant reactive airway disease. Daily symptoms of asthma. Night attacks pass at least 1 time. In such cases intake of quick-relief drugs is necessary.
- Sharp constant degree. Day and night attacks occur constantly.