Heart disease is a term that defines a number of conditions affecting human heart. They are linked to interruptions in the work of the heart muscle, characterized by pain and other symptoms. The heart is the engine of the body, that provides for proper blood circulation. Uninterrupted work of the circulatory system is one of the key factors for maintenance of a healthy body.
Heart failure, or congestive heart failure (CHF), is a condition when the heart muscle is incapable of working at full capacity. This leads to insufficient blood pumping, and may cause problems with other organs. Heart failure can occur suddenly, as a complication to myocardial infarction or angina pestoris. There’s also a chronic form of this disease. Unfortunately, chronic heart failure is an unstoppable condition, that can not be cured. To slow down the disease development, the patient should follow doctor’s recommendations, reduce physical activity, and lead a healthy lifestyle.
Interruptions in the heart rhythm are typical for many heart disorders. Arrhythmia is caused by an irregular number of cardiac contractions, that lead to faster heart rate. In calm state the heart muscle contracts about 60-90 times per minute. There are many forms and stages of arrhythmia that may affect the human body in different ways. In most cases, arrhythmia does not cause any discomfort to the patient, while sometimes it can predispose a person to more serious consequences such as cardiac arrest or heart failure.
Ischemic heart disease
It is a chronic coronary disease caused by excessive atherosclerotic plaques in the arteries, that block normal blood stream. These interruptions result in insufficient blood supply to the heart. Two types of ischemia include angina pestoris and myocardial infarction. Both of them are characterized by strong pain in the chest that may be caused by excessive physical activity, stress or stress angina. Neglecting treatment for the disease, one can get serious complications such as necrosis of certain parts of the heart muscle, or severe interruptions of the coronary blood stream.
If you are experiencing any pain or discomfort in the chest, it is important to take an examination by a cardiologist to eliminate the heart disease. If the results of the disease tests are positive, do not postpone the treatment.