Classification of osteoporosis


Osteoporosis is classified depending on the cause:

  • Postmenopausal (menopause, involution) osteoporosis;
  • Age osteoporosis – arising after 65-70 years, caused the overall aging of the organism;
  • Corticosteroid (hormonal, medical) osteoporosis;
  • Youth (kids) osteoporosis;
  • Secondary osteoporosis – develops as a complication of renal failure, hypo- and hyperthyroidism, diabetes mellitus, ankylosing spondylitis and other diseases;
  • Osteoporosis pregnant women – during pregnancy, calcium consumption is much greater, so the osteoporosis can occur without adequate supplementation of minerals;
  • Osteoporosis immobilized – isolated in a separate group, occurs when paralysis or other causes immobilization of the body.


The first symptoms that indicate the beginning of osteoporosis are:

  1. Brittle hair and nails, which had not been;
  2. Pain in the bones and joints of the weather ( “aching” legs and arms);
    loss of teeth;
  3. Changes in posture – cervical and thoracic protrude gradually from behind, forming a hump. This feature many blamed not slouch from sedentary work.

In the future, to join the first signs and others:

  • Pain in the spine after the load (for example, prolonged sitting);
  • Cramps in the legs at night;
  • Reduced growth;
  • Spontaneous fractures from the slightest injury.

If more than one of the above symptoms should always consult a doctor therapist, rheumatologist and the endocrinologist. The earlier the doctor prescribe treatment, the greater the chance of avoiding fractures and disability. If the disease was diagnosed late, treatment of fractures will be engaged in trauma.

Osteoporosis in childhood is more severe and develops more quickly than adults. This is due to the fact that the bones are still growing, and bone mass is not fully gained its strength. It threatens a child without timely treatment to be in a wheelchair. The most common cause of this is unclear disease.

Clinically evident in much the same way as an adult. However, children still notice difficulty while walking. A fracture in adolescence tend to occur in the feet, ankles and hip. While adults are more likely to suffer fractures of the spine and the femoral head.