What is cholesterol and should we fight with it or not?
Currently, cardio – vascular diseases occupy a leading place in the structure of morbidity and mortality worldwide. As we know the risk of a heart disease has each person and it is determined by many factors. These factors include age, gender (males are more susceptible to cardio – vascular disease), hypertension, smoking, obesity and a sedentary lifestyle, genetics, dyslipidemia, and diabetes. Hypercholesterolemia is a major risk factor for cardio – vascular disease.
What is cholesterol?
Cholesterol is a lipid which is produced in human liver, as well as a small amount is ingested with certain products: fatty meat, egg yolk, seafood, oils, liver, kidney, brain and others. Lipid grease does not dissolve in the blood to reach the blood stream from the cells, it is necessary to have a “carrier”. The role of transporters is to operate with lipoproteins (Compound proteins (proteins) fat. Lipoproteins have high and low density. On the inner walls of the vessels are low density lipoproteins (LDL). This is the “bad” cholesterol. It forms plaques and due to them the blood is still worse supplying the heart muscle with oxygen and nutrients.
A high-density lipoprotein (HDL) – is a “good” cholesterol. It is involved in the construction of cells, synthesis of hormones and vitamin D. The liver produces from the “good” cholesterol, bile acid, which help to digest the fats in the intestine. And “good” cholesterol from cells makes excess “bad”. Total cholesterol – is the amount of “good” and “bad”.
Source of “bad” cholesterol – products of animal origin: pork, beef, lamb, bacon, chicken legs and crispy peel, egg yolks, butter, sour cream, hard cheese, cottage cheese, chocolate.
But don’t give up on all of these products! Care should be taken to sort out the norm. During a day it requires no more than 300 milligrams of cholesterol.
How can you check your cholesterol?
You can check your cholesterol instantly using Express – diagnosis which is carried out not only in medical institutions, but also in most pharmacies – with the help of a microelectronic device. A drop of blood is applied to the tester, and three minutes later this device which has a size of a cigarette case provides figures on the panel. Total cholesterol should not exceed 5 millimoles per liter of blood. If this figure is higher, it is desirable to conduct further analysis of lipid profiles in the laboratory.
According to current recommendations of the European Association of Cardiology lipid profile should be as follows:
– Total cholesterol, mmol / L<5.0;- Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (bad) mmol / L <3.0;- Triglycerides, mmol / L <2.0;- HDL cholesterol (good) mmol / L 1.0
How to lower you cholesterol?
Cholesterol levels can be lowered. If you want to do this- try to change your lifestyle.