Rosacea on the face

How to treat rosacea on the face and medication folk remedies at home?

How to treat rosacea on the face and medication folk remedies at home usloviyahRozatsea (rosacea) – a chronic skin disease of infectious nature, characterized by persistent redness of the skin, the appearance of spider veins and pustular rash. In the later stages of the disease leads to a significant deterioration in the appearance, irreversible thickening of the skin of the forehead, the nose, eyelids, chin, what is perceived as a significant cosmetic defect and provokes psychological emotional problems.

Statistics confirm that the symptoms of this disease affecting up to 10% of the population worldwide, with rosacea mainly affects fair-skinned people aged 40 to 50 years. In children, the disease is almost does not occur. In most cases of this disease affects women, but men have more severe disease and is accompanied by serious complications.

Rosacea on the face at the time it was believed that the characteristic redness on the face is the result of immoderate libations, in France, there was even a term “wine spots”, implying the patient addicted to alcohol. But then scientists have refuted this theory, and suggested that the cause of rosacea on the face is a microscopic subcutaneous mite Demodex, living in the sebaceous glands of hair follicles.

Today proved that this factor is of secondary importance and is not the cause but the consequence of skin changes. Thus, the true etiology of the disease still remains unknown until the end, there are only a number of theories that point to factors that contribute to disease development.

  • Causes of rosacea on the face
  • Symptoms
  • Rosacea skin treatment
  • Topical treatment
  • Causes of rosacea on the face

It is assumed that the disease is based on the increased sensitivity of surface vessels face to various stimuli. Scientists have put forward many theories about the causes that provoke this state.

The genetic factor. It is believed that the northern nations of Scandinavian type (with blond hair, white skin and blue eyes) are genetically predisposed to the appearance of rosacea. cases of family destruction, and notes that 40% of patients have a close relative suffering from rosacea are described in the medical literature.
Diseases of the digestive tract. It has been established that there is a connection between digestive diseases and the development of rosacea. So, gastritis symptoms were found in 50-90% of patients, symptoms of disorders in the small intestine were 35% of patients given patoologiey.

Psychic theory. According to this theory, the development of the disease contribute to mental disorders, but many studies have refuted this assumption. However, it was found that in severe forms of rosacea patients develop mental disorders that manifest themselves depression and emotional instability.
Malfunction of the endocrine system (menopause, diabetes, metabolic disorders).

Abnormalities in the immune system.
Symptoms of skin exposure litsaTeoriya demodectic mites subcutaneous. Many scientists point to the possibility of rosacea as a result of exposure subcutaneous demodex mites, larvae are often found in skin samples taken from problem areas. But this theory has not received final confirmation, as not all patients show the presence of the mite.

Infectious theory. Some researchers attribute the appearance of pustular lesions with infectious factor and noted that during antibiotic therapy the number of lesions is significantly reduced. However, in the purulent contents not detected bacteria capable cause the development of the disease.
The influence of external factors. A number of scholars theorizes related to the influence of certain products in the appearance of lesions. Their use has a negative impact on the state of the gastric mucosa and leads to reflex expansion of vessels on the face. Therefore, patients with rosacea is recommended to give up alcoholic beverages, hot and spicy foods, coffee, citrus.
In addition to the above factors, it is believed that trigger the development of rosacea are some drugs, constant stress and climatic factor, which is associated with the body overheating or overcooling in the heat in the cold. Coping with the disease is easier at an early stage, when the first symptoms should be treated by a specialist, who will tell you how to treat rosacea on his face.

Symptoms

The clinical picture of the disease depends on the stage of the process, each of which correspond to the characteristic symptoms:

Erythematous rosacea stage litseEritematoznaya on stage – this is the beginning of the disease, for this period is characterized by the appearance of redness on the face around the nose, cheeks, chin, and in the center of the forehead. Redness appears periodically, under the influence of provoking factors. These include receiving acute or spicy foods, alcohol, any stressful situation or physical stress. In addition, the attack can cause weather events (strong wind, cold, heat), the use of cosmetics or medication. Over time, the disease progresses, the redness comes through more and soon on the face portions formed persistent red color. On closer inspection, visible affected superficial veins in the form of spider veins. The color becomes more saturated and becomes bluish tint the skin characterized by dryness, flaking and begin to swell, there is a burning sensation and tightened skin.

Papules-pustular stage.

With further development of the pathological process, reddened areas appear on the group pustular rash, increased sensitivity of the skin to sunlight, marked swelling of the skin in the area of ​​the eyebrows. The feeling of tingling and burning sensation subsides. Over time, the rash spread all over the face, grab the scalp and down to the chest. In the propagation of rash the patient experiences severe itching.

The progression of the pathological process leading to the formation of nodes and inflammatory infiltrates. Some areas of the skin on the ears, the forehead and the nose begins to thicken, their surface looks uneven and resembles orange peel. In the absence of treatment may be unpleasant complications. Men often develop serious cosmetic defect – rhinophyma (pineal nose). The nose gets bluish color, grows in size, it pronounced a network of blood vessels. Over time, the surface of the body are formed deep furrows that divide the nose on uneven slices, making it reminiscent of the lump. In other areas of the face is not too aesthetic changes: thicker skin of the eyelids, chin, ear lobe grows and its appearance resembles cauliflower, forehead bulge formed pincushion. These changes affect only men, and almost never occur in the female, due to the positive influence of female hormones.

The development of rosacea is often accompanied by lesions of the eye, and ocular disease in a quarter of patients develop before serious damage to the skin. Patients say the appearance of unpleasant sensations in the eyes, redness of the eyelids, sensation of sand or a foreign body, tearing. Patients with rosacea are often diagnosed with blepharitis, conjunctivitis, in severe cases – keratitis, threatening blindness.

There are special forms of rosacea, which are quite rare:

Steroid rosacea. This form of the disease is difficult to treat. It arises as a result of long-term outdoor use hormonal methods on the treatment of other skin diseases.
Rosacea conglobate. This form of disease is caused by the medication based on bromine or iodine. External displays look very unattractive: on reddened skin areas appear huge globular growths (konglobaty).
Psychological problems in cutaneous zabolevaniiMolnienosnaya form. Diagnosed mainly in women and is caused by neuro-psychiatric disorders, as well as hormonal changes in the body during pregnancy or menopause. The disease develops suddenly, different fulminant, rapidly progressive and lead to disfigurement of the face. External displays appear as a severe form of rosacea conglobata. Against this background, the women develop neurosis and depression, and treatment is rarely a positive effect.
Lymphoedema (edematous form). This form of pathological process is rare, but it also leads to severe disfigurement appearance. On the face, the cheeks, nose, chin, forehead appears purplish swelling, which can not be eliminated. The face swells are not due to excess fluid in the tissues, but due to overgrowth of subcutaneous layer.

An experienced dermatologist will determine the disease on the basis of visual inspection. In some forms, to clarify the diagnosis may need to study the intestinal microflora and condition of vessels. In addition, the specialist will appoint a laboratory blood test, take microparticles affected areas to study. Based on the results to the treatment may involve a gastroenterologist, ophthalmologist, endocrinologist.

In any case, seek medical help as early as possible. Timely diagnosis will not only eliminate current symptoms, but also to prevent disease progression and development of complications. The specialist will explain how to get rid of rosacea on the face and determine the tactics of treatment depending on the type and severity of the disease.