In the modern development of medicine to detect cancer of the prostate disease it has become much easier for prostate examination. According to statistics, men over 60 years, almost a third of population is suffering from this disease.
The development of prostate cancer by the following factors:
Above 40 years of age. In order to prevent it is desirable to every man older than forty annual checkups.
- Food. Scientists have identified a pattern of prostate cancer from excessive fatty food and consumer products, which contain calcium.
- Genetics. Heredity aggravates the development of this disease. In the area of risk is 2-3 times more likely to get those men’s relatives, who suffered from prostate cancer.
Unfortunately, there is such a trend that patients are already too late to resort to medical care for the prostate examination, when the disease begins to progress, the cancer is already in stage III-IV, and developed quite extensive metastases. There are several reasons for this state of affairs.
- First, the swelling of the body may be in for a long time do not show any symptoms. In the early stages of the disease the patient often does not feel discomfort. But as fatigue and weakness appearing nonspecific symptoms do not cause fear in men, and they do not pay due attention to them.
When a tumor is growing and there are metastases, the patient begins to experience pain in the pelvis and lower back, difficulty urinating. In urine, blood appears. And it is already clear manifestations of progressive disease.
- Second, many patients are embarrassed prostate examination and do not pass annual inspections, turning to the doctor at the time when the disease progresses.
The main methods of prostate examinations
A digital examination of the prostate:
Urologist carries it through the rectal wall. As a result, palpation the doctor can determine the position of the prostate, which is about the size, what is its structure, the presence of seals or softening. Such actions play a significant role in diagnosis of prostate cancer. But at the initial stage of the disease to determine with this method fails.
Blood tests for the presence of prostate – specific antigen
Held in the laboratory. When prostate pathologies blood antigen content increases, but it does not indicate that the patient – namely cancer.
Basically there is transrectal ultrasound of the prostate manner. Such an examination of the prostate provides an opportunity to get a sufficient amount of information that allows to distinguish an inflammatory disease of the tumor and identify calcifications in the structure. It is advisable to carry out ultrasound of the pelvic organs, not just the prostate ultrasound. It will identify comorbidities, and when it comes to cancer, and the metastatic lesions.
For the analysis of prostate tissue are taken, which are then subjected to histological examination. This method is the most reliable, but has a number of disadvantages: invasiveness (when there is interference with the patient’s body), the possible complications that are manifested as bleeding or inflammation. Sometimes there may be a puncture in the non-cancerous, and normal cells, leading to unreliable results. Therefore, it is important to correct for the survey area was selected.
Magnetic resonance imaging
With modern CT scanners, you can see the structure of the tissues that make up the iron to the smallest detail, to watch her work, thanks to the diffusion, perfusion and spectroscopy. Such a prostate examination can help diagnose the presence of inflammation, tumors and benign nature of the cancer. You can also define the scope of the spread of the process and the presence of metastasis. diffusion method stethoscopy perfusion and enables to determine the degree of differentiation (malignant) tissue with tumor exposed to high probability.
If you suspect a prostate cancer result of MRI in the future it is recommended to biopsy abnormal area. Only then can the diagnosis be confirmed either or discredited.