Pigmentation is an increased production and accumulation of melanin pigment in the skin. In dermatology and cosmetology exists a clear definition of that term and its symptoms.
This is important, as other states may be accompanied by an increase in the intensity of staining of the skin, pigmentation but they have nothing to do.
How to deal with pigmentation?
The fair sex is very important time to pay attention to the problem, to immediately eliminate the cause. With the consequences of fighting is much more difficult, more expensive and costly, both in financial terms and with time. Signs of pigmentation are:
a dark local coloring of the skin, of various shapes and outlines of the pigmented areas, clearly defined boundaries, smooth surface of the pigmented area, the color can be quite varied, ranging from light yellow to dark brown; the most frequent localization – it exposed skin (forehead, cheekbones , the nose, the skin above the upper lip).
The following discussion focuses on the pigmentation of the upper lip, including on how to get rid of this cosmetic flaw. But remember that all this is written for information. In any case, we recommend pre-visit a dermatologist and cosmetologist, before self-medicate.
Pigmentation of the upper lip treatment
The reasons for the pigmentation of the upper lip
Increased production of melanin in certain places is a sign reflecting the adverse state of the entire human body. It is true, as the ultraviolet, which stimulates the production of melanin, reaches the face completely, and the pigmentation is formed only on the upper lip.
The most common causes of this should be considered:
thyroid diseases, which are accompanied by a change in its functional state – hypo- or hyperthyroidism (Graves’ disease, Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, nodular goiter, etc.); adrenal disease (primarily Addison’s disease, which has a second name – bronze disease ), pregnancy (during the formation of melanin increases during pregnancy as a result of existing hormonal changes); violation of ovarian-menstrual cycle, hormonal drugs with contraceptive or therapeutic purposes; liver disease, in which disturbed metabolism of melanin and its neutralization; pituitary disease, which controls the release of a hormone that stimulates the synthesis of melanin (which may be inflammatory or cancer).
Thus, factors that can lead to the appearance of pigmentation on the upper lip, are diverse and sometimes serious pathological processes. Therefore, you must promptly seek professional help, and not to listen to the advice of “knowledgeable” people.
Pigmentation in the summer
Features of the structure of the face can determine the appearance of pigmentation of the upper lip in the summer, when it is not seen as an option pathology. Gradually, this pigmentation lighter and disappears completely. In this case, it is not necessary to worry about her appearance. It is necessary to protect this part of the face of the excessive amount of sunlight. To this end, it is recommended to use a sunscreen with a high degree of protection to be applied to the face for 15-20 minutes before going outside.
Pigmentation of a symptom of the disease
If the pigmentation of the upper lip is not associated with increased sun exposure, and there is at any time of year, you need to seek help from a doctor to get tested and get tested. Only a doctor is able to determine the reason why there is pigmentation. To this end, he shall designate the relevant studies that will help to establish an accurate diagnosis. Typically, diagnostic search includes the following studies:
determining the level of triiodothyronine, thyroxine, thyroid stimulating hormone, antibodies to thyroid peroxidase, thyroid stimulating hormone, a study of testosterone levels, evaluation of urinary 17-keto steroids, determination of blood dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate; determining cortisol levels, assessment of the level of human chorionic gonadotropin (allows you to specify the diagnosis of pregnancy); assessment of hormonal levels in the menstrual cycle (determined by the level of estradiol, progesterone, follicle-stimulating and luteinizing hormone) is performed liver function tests to assess the functional state of the liver (determine the level of general, direct and indirect bilirubin, alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, total protein, albumin and globulin, creatinine and urea); assessment of tropic hormones that are released by the pituitary gland; conduct ultrasound of the thyroid gland and liver; to diagnose the pathological process is recommended in the pituitary computed tomography (shown if there is no radiography sella, but it is less sensitive diagnostic method).
Thus, the diagnosis of the causes of pigmentation means carrying out hormonal and instrumental examination.
strong pigmentation of the upper lip
Treatment of pigmentation of the upper lip
It is obvious that local hyperpigmentation treatment should be based on the elimination of the reasons that caused its appearance, as well as local therapy, which promotes the excretion of excess amounts of melanin. Therefore, in the treatment of this disease are involved several doctors. At least it 2 specialists: a dermatologist and cosmetologist therapist. Only a comprehensive approach to the treatment of hyperpigmentation can expect a good result.
Local therapy hyperpigmentation on the face:
Currently, high-performance way to remove age spots is laser removal. Using this purpose ultrasound less efficiently. And different types of peeling (chemical, mechanical) is significantly inferior in efficiency. Also, to achieve a good cosmetic result biotatuazh recommended. Consider the mechanism of action of the laser beam, possible contraindications for this procedure.
Advantages of alexandrite, neodymium laser:
Alexandrite, neodymium laser – it’s the latest technology and scientific thought, which allows you to painlessly get rid of annoying pigmentation on the face. The high efficiency of this method of getting rid of the excess amount of melanin is achieved thanks to the following properties of the laser beam:
chosen this laser wavelength, which will destroy the pigment only in those places where it is needed, without affecting other areas of the skin, there is no trauma adjacent cells, the sensitivity of the procedure – does not leave scars after the conference.
The mechanism of pigment-destroying action of the laser beam
Pigmented cells have an enhanced ability to absorb laser radiation. Absorbing the laser energy, it is the destruction of bonds between molecules of melanin. Therefore, it is easy to deduce from the skin due to macrophages and other cells of the immune system. As a result, the skin becomes lighter in his eyes. It is important that a healthy skin is not a laser beam having a damaging effect.
How is the procedure and how proceeds rehabilitation period?
Laser removal of pigmentation of the upper lip – a completely painless procedure that does not require anesthesia. Skin treatment session lasts an average of 5 to 10 minutes, without distracting people from their traditional way of life. After laser removal pigmentation retained a slight reddening of the skin at the site of exposure. This slight hyperemia usually takes place within half an hour.
The destruction and removal of pigment from the skin accompanied by a slight desquamation, which disappear on their own after a few days. Thereafter, pigment spots disappear completely. Usually, only one session to get rid of pigmentation on the upper lip.
Safety of Laser removal of pigmentation
The laser beam is completely harmless, because you can adjust various parameters. Therefore completely exclude the possibility of burns, scars and pigmentation increased resistant against this background. Highly Specialist will select individual wavelength and intensity of the laser radiation.