According to the latest data from the International Classification of Diseases, the diagnosis of chronic alcoholism is in one place according to the complexity of dependence along with drugs and toxic substances. The disease manifests itself in the physical and psychological craving for alcohol. Alcoholism is a chronic disease that can go unnoticed to others and relatives of the patient for many years.
As a rule, chronic alcoholism begins with the frequent use of alcoholic beverages, over time it develops and turns into a serious illness. A person suffering from alcoholism gradually increases the number of people drunk, gets used to large doses and does not control himself. As a result, the patient can not imagine life without daily consumption of alcoholic beverages and turns into a weak-willed and degrading personality.
There comes the stage of chronic alcoholism:
- Causes of chronic alcoholism
- Symptoms of Chronic Alcoholism
- Stages of chronic alcoholism
- Consequences of chronic alcoholism
- Treatment of chronic alcoholism
- Prevention of chronic alcoholism
Causes of chronic alcoholism:
Alcoholism is a chronic disease characterized by uncontrolled consumption of alcoholic beverages and dependence on them. The cause of chronic alcoholism is considered to be the genetic predisposition of a person. Statistics say that close relatives of a drinking person are 7-10 times more likely to suffer from similar diseases than other people.
Among the factors of the formation of chronic alcoholism, unstable psyche, inclination to depression and nervous breakdown, asociality and closedness of a person are distinguished. Such people can not normally experience failures, are quickly upset and can not come to a positive state for a long time. In modern society, the main cause of chronic alcoholism are persistent stress and heavy workload, an unstable situation in the country, the desire to quickly relax after a day’s work. It all starts with a bottle of beer or a glass of wine and ends with a serious ailment.
Symptoms of Chronic Alcoholism
There is no alcoholism. Symptoms of chronic alcoholism are similar to those of normal alcoholism and are manifested in the form of increased addiction to alcoholic beverages, daily alcohol consumption, aggression and poor health in cases of inability to drink, severe hangover syndrome. The patient can drink independently or in the company of friends, does not take criticism and does not recognize his dependence.
Diagnosis of chronic alcoholism consists in monitoring the patient. Among the symptoms of chronic alcohol dependence should be allocated:
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Gradual increase in the number of alcoholic beverages, a stable tolerance to alcohol, intoxication only at high doses of alcohol. Over time, a person needs more and more alcohol to satisfy his physical and emotional state.
In the event of discontinuation of alcohol drinking, the patient exhibits anxiety, anger, sweating, nausea, headaches, limb tremor, in the most severe cases, hallucinations and cardiac arrhythmia may occur. Alcoholic drinks immediately help to remove all the symptoms and the patient calms down.
External signs of chronic alcoholism: an expansion of blood vessels in the region of the nose and cheeks, flabbiness of the skin and muscles. Constant pain in the stomach and right upper quadrant, indigestion, nausea, vomiting after eating, enlarged liver, poor pancreas work are also true signs of the chronic form of alcoholism.
The main symptom of the disease is an abstinence syndrome with chronic alcoholism, which occurs after 8-12 hours from the last use of alcoholic beverages. It is characterized by an increase in blood pressure, increased palpitations, frequent breathing, tremors of the limbs and tongue, eyelids, and other parts of the body. A person can not eat and drink normally, since a vomitive reflex arises. Abstinence syndrome with chronic alcoholism causes serious mental disorders in the form of hallucinations and fainting. In this period the patient suffers greatly and tries to drown it with alcohol.
An abstinence syndrome can be easy and last two days, in a severe case it can last up to five days. In this case, the patient has a long drinking-bout.